Archive for the ‘Penal Substitutionary Atonement’ Tag

Our Divine Intercessor   1 comment

Our Divine Intercessor

Above:  The Original Document

Image Source = Kenneth Randolph Taylor


Isa. 53, 12b

…and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

Authorized Version


To redeem us our Lord bore our sins in his own body on the tree, died for us that he might win our love and save us.  All of this despite our sins, our unloveliness, our unworthiness.  Love led him to Calvary.


He prayed for the transgressor, for those who crucified him.  “Father, forgive them; they know not what they do.”  He undertook for them.

Hence sinners have another chance as we seek pardon in his name and long to live righteous lives.

How very much we owe to his intercession for us!


Jesus set us an example that we should follow.  We, too, should intercede for others, pray that they may be led to Christ for saving power.  Thereby many have been prevailed upon to come to him.  “The effected fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.”

Take somebody on your heart and pray for them.  What a privilege it is is.  God will use your prayers for his good.


Philippians 2, 6-8   1 comment

Philippians 2, 6-8

Above:  The Original Document

Image Source = Kenneth Randolph Taylor



The coming of Christ was with real sacrifice.  God’s Son, on an equality with the Father.  But he left the courts of glory to dwell among us, subject to life’s limitations and sufferings.


To appear in his glory was his right, or privilege; but he did not; he laid aside his glory, emptied himself of it, and appeared in the likeness of man, becoming a servant.  God clothed in human flesh!  What condescension!


“Humbled himself,” submitted to the scoffs of man and the power of death, even the most shameful men could inflict–all out of love for us poor sinful creatures.


What must sin be in the sight of God, seeing [that] it required so deep abasement in Jesus Christ to make atonement for it.  Surely we can never again think lightly of sin!

Let us exalt his name, yielding our lives to him to serve one another in his name.


Christ’s Victory and Ours   14 comments

Christ's Victory and Ours

Above:  Part of the Original Text

Image Source = Kenneth Randolph Taylor


Acts 2, 24

1 Cor. 15, 57

1 Jno. 5, 4


The death & resurrection of Jesus were in God’s plan.  That he should die for man was necessary to salvation & God willed it.  But to consumate that plan he must live to carry it on.


Hence God raised him up.  It was part of the plan & due to God’s direct intervention.  Acts 3, 15; Rom. 4, 24; 2 Cor. 4, 14; Eph. 1, 20; Col. 2, 12b; 1 Thes. 1. 10; Heb. 13, 20; 1 Peter 1, 21; & text = 10 times it is affirmed.

He was not to be [the] loser in the struggle but victor.  Life is stronger than death.  He submitted to it only to redeem us.  He arose no longer subject to death.  Death was vanquished by him; it is subject to his power.  “Have the keys to death.”–Rev. 1, 18


He lives to give us victory over sin.  By his grace we may resist the devil, “overcome” him.  “He is able to succour them what they are tempted.”  Heb. 2, 18  “To him that overcometh.”  The plan of salvation wrought out by Christ is no failure.  The “gospel is the power of God unto salvation,” see Jude 24.


He will give us victory over death.  We too, shall have our Easter morning–Jno. 5, 28.  “All that are in the grace shall come forth.”

Our resurrection body is to be fashioned after his, a spiritual body–Phils. 3, 21.

Redemption is completed in our resurrection and glorification.

Victory!!  “Death is swallowed up in victory”–1 Cor. 15, 54.


Luke 24, 26 & 46   6 comments

Luke 24 Sermon Notes

Above:  Part of the Original Document

Image Source = Kenneth Randolph Taylor


Luke 24, 26 & 46


The greatest undertaking– to work out man’s redemption.  “‘Twas great to speak the world from naught,” etc.

God gave his Son for this purpose.  The cost was great.  “He bore the sins of many.”


To the two en route to Emmaus he opened the scriptures.  “Ought not”–was it not necessary?  Thus he expiated  sin.  Without it no soul could have been saved.

(1)  This was the course indicated for him by the prophets–Moses; Psalm 16 & 22; Isa. 53; Dan. 9; Mal. 4, 5; 1 Peter 1, 11.

(2)  More eminently back of all these lay the divine purpose, the will of the Father, which our Lord was to fulfill.  Can man discover fully God’s thoughts or mind here?


By him atonement is made for all.  “He tasted death for every man.”  In offering salvation to man God does not ignore sin.  He is just and the justifier of the ungodly.

(1)  We see the enormity of sin–its deadly effect & power.  Heroic treatment for a fearful malady.

(2)  We see demonstrated God’s boundless love–he so loved “that he gave his only begotten Son”–his greatest possible gift.  “What wondrous love is this”!


The gift is free–“without money and without price.”  Yet one condition is made by God and must be met–“That whosoever believeth in him.”  All can meet it.  “Unspeakable gift.”  Is it yours?


Christ Our Sinbearer   1 comment


Above:  What Our Saviour Saw from the Cross, by James Tissot



I do not note on this weblog every instance of disagreement I have with my great-grandfather.  Yet I feel the need to write the following:

1.  “The Jews” were not monolithic.  They are still not monolithic; no human population is.  I have a more favorable opinion of the Jewish people and of Judaism than did my great-grandfather.

2.  Three understandings of the mechanics of the Atonement reach back to the first five centuries of Christianity and the writings of the Church Fathers:  The Conquest of Satan/Evil (“the Classic Theory”), Penal Substitutionary Atonement (which St. Anselm of Canterbury and my great-grandfather favored), and the Incarnation as the atoning act itself.  I favor the Classic Theory.




Isa. 53, 6

1.  Someone must suffer the consequences of man’s sin.  The seat of sin is in the moral nature and its effects are there and in the outward life.  The effects follow the deed.  God’s nature demands it also; His word cannot be ignored by Himself.  Broken law required not obedience, but death.

2.  Shall man suffer the results of his sin?  If so he must suffer here without hope, and die eternally in the world to come.

The Jews said to Pilate, “His blood be upon us and our children,” but what an awful thing, as history has shown.

3.  Since man can’t and because God loved the world Jesus bore our sins that we might be saved therefrom here and eternally.  He made a full, perfect, and complete oblation and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world.

4.  But unless one accept by faith as his portion there he is no better off actually than if Jesus had not died.  Now all rests with man whether the sacrifice of Christ shall benefit him.  Let no one dream he can get along without Christ.


Prepare to Meet Thy God   1 comment


Above:  Last Judgment Icon



My great-grandfather wrote:

We have only the present.  This is our only probation–death fixes the destiny of the soul forever.

I do not assume, however, that grace to do its work only while we have breath or brain activity.




Amos 4, 12


Why this call?

1.  After all His efforts they had not humbled themselves in penitence.

2.  So He, the God of hosts, mighty in power, calls them to meet Him in some awful judgment, nothing but judgment left.


How may we prepare?

1.  Sin is the trouble, as always.

2.  Jesus’ blood is our only redemption.  His mercy is our only hope.

3.  So it is either penitence and mercy, or an awful judgment.

“Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead and Christ shall give thee light.”  Ninevah awoke and was spared.  Will you repent at the call of his spirit?


When prepare?

1.  We have only the present.  This is our only probation–death fixes the destiny of the soul forever.

2.  Life is so uncertain, we can’t afford to risk delay.  Many have risked all and lost all.  Be wise in seeking Him today.


Redemption Through His Blood   2 comments


Above:  The Crucifixion (1622), by Simon Vouet (1590-1649)

Eph. 1, 7

1.  Because of his sin the penalty–condemnation of the law–rested upon man.  Had offended God’s justice.  He was enslaved and doomed.  He or a suitable substitute must suffer the penalty or God would make void the law.  Love yearned over him & wisdom found the plan.

2.  Jesus died for him.  Thus met God’s sense of justice–law.  His blood redeems–atones.  He, not another, is our Redeemer.  “No other name given.”  “It is he that shall save his people.”

3.  He is the Saviour of all men.  “Tasted death for every man.”  “Gave himself a ransom for all.”  “Will have all men to be saved.”  “Is the propitiation for the sins of the whole world.”  No sin unatoned for, no sinner left out.  Yet those may perish for whom Christ died–1 Cor. 8, 11.  Hence:

4.  It is conditioned in application.  Man must repent and live, or it all avails him nothing.  “He is the Saviour of all men, especially of them that believe.”  Man in time not God in eternity limits the atonement.  If you will repent and believe he will forgive and cleanse your soul.


Reconciliation   1 comment


Above:  A Crucifix


2 Cor. 5, 20

1.  Man’s sin offended the righteousness of God.  His justice demanded vengeance or a sacrifice instead that God might extend mercy.  Besides, man’s spirit was hostile to God.  Hence a Mediator was needed.

2.  Our sins were laid on Christ, who died for us.  Now God could be righteous in offering pardon.  In Him justice is satisfied.  Hence God invites sinners to a throne of grace.  There is no need for the sinner to stay in, and suffer the consequences of his sin.  How sublime is this grace!

3.  It only remains for man to accept this Mediator, and he is saved.  But this he must do.  “If any man will.”  “Come unto me.”  “Believe…and thou shalt be saved.”  “But ye refuse and rebel.”

4.  Hence God calls men to be his ambassadors–ministers–to call sinners to Him.  It is His message we bring and in His name we deliver it.

In His name we pray, beseech, you [to] be reconciled to Him.